Mauritius is a volcanic island, measuring 58km (36mi) from north to south and 47km (29mi) from east to west. It lies in the Indian Ocean, roughly 800km (500mi) east of Madagascar, 3860km (2400mi) south-west of India and 220km (135mi) north-east of its nearest neighbour, Réunion.
As a country, it includes the inhabited island of Rodrigues, some 560km (350mi) to the north-east, and other scattered coral atolls such as Cargados Carajos and Agalega.
Unlike neighbouring Réunion, Mauritius has no active volcanoes, although remnants of volcanic activity – such as Trou aux Cerfs crater in Curepipe and millions of lava boulders – can be found on the island. The island is surrounded by a coral reef and lined by a few long stretches of white sand beach.
The Mauritian Currency
The Mauritian Rupee is divided into 100 cents and bank notes are available in denominations of 25, 50, 100, 200, 500 1,000 and 2,000 Rupees. Coins are available in 5 cents, 20 cents, 50 cents, one rupee, 5 rupees and 10 rupees. Travellers’ Cheques and foreign currencies can be changed at bank counters and official money changers. Credit cards such as American Express, Visa and Mastercard are accepted by most hotels, restaurants, shops, etc…
While English is the official language, other languages are spoken here in Mauritius and these include French, Creole (a local dialect derived from English and French), Mandarin, Hindi and Bhojpuri (a dialect derived from Hindi), etc…